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The Crow and the Pitcher is a fable ascribed to Aesop, number 390 in the classification established by Perry. It is found in the 2nd century AD Greek fable collection by pseudo-Dositheus, and later appears in the 4th–5th century Latin verse collection by Avianus.

In the fable, a thirsty crow comes upon a pitcher with water at the bottom, beyond the reach of its beak. After failing to push over the pitcher, the crow devises a clever plan: it drops in pebbles, one by one, until the water rises to the top of the pitcher, allowing the crow to drink.

Avianus follows the fable with a moral that emphasises the virtue of ingenuity: “This fable shows us that thoughtfulness is superior to brute strength…”